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Rabbits thrive best as indoor pets. In fact, housing a pet rabbit prolong their lifespan and can live twice as long as an outdoor rabbit. But just like a dog with its bed or a cat with its treehouse, a house rabbit can benefit from a space to call its own.


Your rabbit does not need a cage. However, an untrained rabbit probably should be kept in a home base of some kind while you’re not home to supervise and at night when you sleep. House Rabbit Society encourages the use of an exercise pen (x-pen) over a cage.  They usually provide much more running space than a cage, can be made larger or smaller, and are easy to move from place to place–which you and your rabbit may appreciate, from time-to-time.  Also, since cage wire floors are dangerous for rabbit feet, exercise pens have smooth floors and are easier to clean than a cage.

Providing a suitable housing environment for a pet rabbit is crucial for their well-being and health.

Here are some guidelines for housing pet rabbit:

1. Indoor vs. Outdoor Housing:

  • Many people keep rabbits indoors for better protection from predators and adverse weather conditions. However, outdoor housing can be suitable if it provides adequate shelter and protection.

2. Cage or Hutch:

  • A rabbit cage or hutch should be spacious enough for the rabbit to stretch out fully and stand on their hind legs. The general rule of thumb is to have a cage that is at least four times the size of the rabbit.

3. Bedding:

  • Use appropriate bedding material such as hay, straw, or aspen shavings. Avoid cedar or pine shavings as they can be harmful to rabbits.

4. Litter Box:

  • Rabbits can be litter-trained, and providing a litter box in their enclosure can help maintain cleanliness. Use rabbit-safe litter material.

5. Hideaway or Shelter:

  • Rabbits like to have a secure, private space to retreat to. Provide a hideaway or a sheltered area within the enclosure.

6. Toys and Enrichment:

  • Rabbits are intelligent and need mental stimulation. Provide toys, tunnels, and items to chew on to keep them entertained.

7. Secure Enclosure:

  • Ensure that the enclosure is secure and free from hazards. Rabbits are known chewers, so rabbit-proof the living area by removing or securing electrical cords and potentially harmful items.

8. Proper Ventilation:

  • Whether indoors or outdoors, ensure proper ventilation to prevent the buildup of ammonia from urine. Good airflow is essential for the rabbit’s respiratory health.

9. Temperature Control:

  • Rabbits are sensitive to temperature extremes. Keep their living area at a comfortable temperature, avoiding direct drafts and exposure to extreme heat or cold.

10. Social Interaction:

  • Rabbits are social animals and thrive on companionship. Consider having more than one rabbit or spending quality time interacting with your rabbit daily.

11. Healthy Diet:

  • Provide a balanced and nutritious diet consisting mainly of hay, fresh vegetables, and a controlled amount of pellets. Fresh water should always be available.

12. Regular Veterinary Care:

  • Schedule regular check-ups with a rabbit-savvy veterinarian. Rabbits should also be spayed or neutered to prevent certain health issues and behavioral problems.

13. Grooming:

  • Depending on the breed, some rabbits may require regular grooming to maintain their coat health. Long-haired breeds, in particular, may need more attention.

14. Safety Considerations:

  • Ensure that your rabbit’s living area is safe from other household pets, and be cautious with small objects that could be ingested.

Remember that each rabbit is unique, so it’s essential to pay attention to your rabbit’s behavior and adjust their housing and care accordingly. Rabbits can make wonderful, affectionate pets when provided with the right environment and care.

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