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Pet Blood tests in pets, also known as biochemical profiles or blood chemistries, are crucial diagnostic tools in veterinary Clinics in Nairobi to assess the overall health and function of a pet’s internal organs and systems. These tests analyze various substances in the blood, such as enzymes, electrolytes, proteins, and waste products, providing valuable information about the dog’s metabolism, organ function, and overall health status.

Overview of Pet Blood Tests panel:

  1. Glucose: Glucose is the primary source of energy for cells. Elevated or decreased levels of glucose can indicate conditions such as diabetes mellitus, pancreatic disorders, or hormonal imbalances.
  2. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and Creatinine: These waste products are filtered by the kidneys and excreted in the urine. Elevated levels of BUN and creatinine can indicate kidney dysfunction or dehydration.
  3. Liver Enzymes (ALT, AST, ALP): Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are enzymes produced by the liver. Elevated levels may indicate liver disease, bile duct obstruction, or other liver disorders.
  4. Total Protein, Albumin, and Globulin: These parameters provide information about the dog’s nutritional status and liver function. Abnormal levels may indicate liver disease, kidney disease, malnutrition, or inflammation.
  5. Electrolytes (Sodium, Potassium, Chloride): Electrolytes play crucial roles in maintaining fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle contraction. Imbalances can result from various conditions, including dehydration, kidney disease, or hormonal imbalances.
  6. Calcium and Phosphorus: These minerals are essential for bone health, muscle function, and nerve transmission. Abnormal levels may indicate metabolic disorders, kidney disease, or hormonal imbalances.
  7. Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a waste product produced by the breakdown of red blood cells. Elevated levels may indicate liver disease or hemolytic anemia.
  8. Cholesterol and Triglycerides: These lipid parameters can provide information about the dog’s metabolic health and may indicate conditions such as hyperlipidemia or pancreatitis.
  9. Total Iron-Binding Capacity (TIBC): TIBC measures the body’s ability to bind and transport iron in the blood. Abnormal levels may indicate iron deficiency anemia or iron overload.
  10. Amylase and Lipase: These enzymes are involved in the digestion of carbohydrates and fats, respectively. Elevated levels may indicate pancreatic inflammation (pancreatitis).

Importance of Pet Blood Tests

Blood chemistry tests are typically performed as part of a comprehensive health assessment, especially in cases of illness, routine wellness exams, pre-anesthetic screening, or monitoring of chronic conditions. These tests help veterinarians diagnose diseases early, monitor the progression of illnesses, evaluate the effectiveness of treatments, and assess overall health and organ function in dogs. Early detection and management of abnormalities identified through blood chemistry tests can significantly improve the prognosis and quality of life for dogs.

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