ducknet veterinary clinic

Cat Urinary blockage, also known as feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), is a common and potentially life-threatening condition in cats, particularly in males in Nairobi. Here’s an overview of its predisposition, causes, signs and symptoms, treatment, and prevention:

Cat Urinary blockage Predisposition:

  1. Male Cats: Male cats, especially those that are neutered and middle-aged, are more predisposed to urinary blockages due to their narrower urethra.
  2. Certain Breeds: Some breeds, such as Siamese and Himalayan cats, have a higher predisposition to urinary tract issues.
  3. Dietary Factors: Diets high in magnesium and phosphorus or low in moisture content can contribute to urinary tract problems.
  4. Lack of Exercise: Sedentary lifestyles can increase the risk of obesity, which is linked to urinary issues.

Cat Urinary blockage Causes:

  1. Crystals or Stones: Crystals or stones (like struvite or calcium oxalate) can form in the bladder, causing blockages.
  2. Mucus or Debris: Build-up of mucus or debris in the urinary tract can obstruct urine flow.
  3. Inflammation: Inflammation of the bladder (cystitis) or urethra can lead to swelling and blockage.
  4. Stress: Stress can exacerbate urinary issues in susceptible cats.
  5. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Bacterial infections can cause inflammation and blockages.
  6. Anatomical Abnormalities: Rarely, structural abnormalities in the urinary tract can predispose a cat to blockages.

Cat Urinary blockage Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Straining to Urinate: Frequent trips to the litter box with little to no urine produced.
  2. Pain or Discomfort: Vocalization, restlessness, or signs of pain while urinating.
  3. Blood in Urine: Urine may appear bloody or discolored.
  4. Licking Genital Area: Excessive grooming of the genital area due to discomfort.
  5. Urinary Accidents: Urinating outside the litter box, as cats may associate the litter box with pain.
  6. Lethargy: Lack of energy or enthusiasm for usual activities.


  1. Emergency Veterinary Care: Immediate veterinary attention is necessary to relieve the blockage and prevent life-threatening complications.
  2. Urinary Catheterization: Passage of a catheter to remove the blockage and allow urine to flow freely.
  3. Fluid Therapy: Intravenous fluids to correct dehydration and restore electrolyte balance.
  4. Pain Management: Pain medications to alleviate discomfort.
  5. Antibiotics: If a urinary tract infection is present, antibiotics may be prescribed.
  6. Dietary Changes: Prescription diets formulated to dissolve stones or crystals and prevent their formation.
  7. Monitoring and Follow-up: Regular check-ups to monitor urinary health and address any recurrent issues.


  1. Hydration: Encourage adequate water intake by providing fresh water sources and wet food.
  2. Balanced Diet: Feed a balanced diet formulated to maintain urinary health, possibly under the guidance of a veterinarian.
  3. Stress Reduction: Minimize stressors in the cat’s environment through environmental enrichment and routine.
  4. Litter Box Management: Maintain clean litter boxes and provide multiple boxes in multi-cat households.
  5. Regular Veterinary Visits: Schedule routine check-ups to monitor urinary health and address any emerging issues promptly.

Prompt recognition and treatment of urinary blockages are crucial for ensuring the well-being of affected cats. If you suspect your cat is experiencing urinary issues, seek veterinary attention immediately.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Pet Care Beyond Companionship in Nairobi,Kenya

Contact Us

Working Hours

Mon – Sun: 06:30 – 10:30hrs

Emergency 24/7 

Copyright © 2023. All Rights Reserved.



Click one of our contacts below to chat on WhatsApp